These are just some of the many strategies English teachers employ in their classes. You may not employ all of them in one class, and some of them may not work for all students, but you will definitely use at least one of them when you teach online.
1.Role-playing. In Role-playing, you and the student assume roles and act out those roles. For instance, if the lesson is about giving and asking directions, one of you pretends he is lost and the other gives directions.
2.Information gap. This works best if you have more than one student. The idea is for learners to interact and talk to each other to fill out missing bits of information. In teaching new words, for example, you give one student a group of words; and the other, the meaning of those words. Give the students time to match the words with their definitions, but to complete the task, they need to interact, share what they know, and ask each other questions.
3.Reading Aloud. In Reading Aloud, students not only hone their reading skills but also their pronunciation skills. In reading a passage aloud, students will be able to see the word and then they try to position their mouth or tongue to how the letters are written.
4.Pair Work. In Pair Work, your students work in pairs to complete a task. For example, you can ask students to read a dialogue in pairs, or let them clarify what they learned from the dialogue by interacting and asking each other questions. Remember, the idea is to let students work in pairs.
5.Learning by Teaching. In Learning by Teaching, students are allowed to prepare and teach lessons. Instead of you teaching, your students discuss a set lesson or topic.
6.Substitution. This technique works best when discussing sentence patterns and structures. A word or group of words is changed with another set. Say, the pattern you are working on is “I feel sad today.” You can ask the student to change the word “sad” into another word that connotes feelings.
7.Q&A. In Q&A, you ask your students a set of questions, but before this, you need to teach your students how to answer using a complete sentence or following a pattern. You can also give your students time to ask those questions.
8.Singing. When teaching pronunciation or when targeting a difficult sound, this strategy comes in handy. Say, for instance, the student has difficulty producing the /r/ and /l/ sounds, you can teach him the song “Row, Row, Row Your Boat.”
9.Repetition. In Repetition, you let your student expose the language by asking him to repeat what you say. This works best for beginners and zero-English students.
10.Sentence construction. This strategy is very simple. In Sentence Construction,you let your student create sentences using words you provide. For instance, after explaining the meaning of a new word, you ask the student to make his own sentence using that word.
11.Physical Demonstration. This strategy is useful in many situations such as the following: when teaching a zero-English student a new word or when words alone are not sufficient to let your student understood your point. In Physical Demonstration, you point to where or what something is, you gesture, you act out, or you nod to indicate agreement.
12.Retelling, Summarizing, and /or Paraphrasing. In your classes, remember to give your student many opportunities to use the English language. In Retelling, Summarizing, and /or Paraphrasing, you ask the student to explain something using his own words. With this strategy, you can also gauge how well your student has understood a concept.
13.Use of Pictorial Products. Drawings, pictures, and diagrams are not only interesting and lovely to look at, but they are also a very powerful tool in teaching English. You can use drawings to demonstrate what you mean, or you can present pictures to explain the meaning of a new word.
14.Asking Probing Questions. Even though you give your student ample opportunities to speak or use the language, you will encounter students who either do not want to speak or speak only with a “yes” or “no.” Ask questions that require them to speak more such as open-ended questions. Instead of yes/no questions, you may want to ask wh- questions.
15.Use of Tongue Twisters or Nursery Rhymes. Tongue twisters are useful when teaching pronunciation. Nursery rhymes are one way of piquing students’ interest.
credit to WIKIPEDIA.com